BACKGROUND

HISTORICAL BACKGROUND: Barpeta district boasts of a glorious historical background. Some of the noteworthy places of historical importance in the district are Barpeta, Bajali, Sundardia, Sorbhog, Howly, Moyonbori, Lahi-dongra etc. The district came under the powerful rule of Koch king Naranarayan and his successors in the fourteenth century followed by the rule of the mighty Ahom King Swargadeu Gadadhar Singha and his successors in different times. During the invasion of Assam by the “Maan” (Burmese force) towards the end of the Ahom rule the area of Barpeta fell into Burmese rule. Subsequently the area of Barpeta came under the British rule with the rest of Assam through the treaty of Yandabu on 24th February, 1826 signed between Burma and the British ruler. Being inspired by the ideals of Mahatma Gandhi, the people of Barpeta also joined the different phases of the freedom movement of India, especially in the Quit India movement and the Non Cooperation movement and many of them became martyrs. CULTURAL BACKGROUND: With a long heritage of cultural background of Barpeta district, the glorious period was the advent of great Assamese Vaishnavite Saint, Social reformer and literary genius Mahapurush Srimanta Sankardev and its disciples like Mahapurush Damodardev, Haridev and Bhattadev. They established many famous Satras including Barpeta, Sundardia, Patbausi, Ganakkuchi, Bahari Satras etc. during the 14th – 15th century. They made these Satras the centers for Vaishnavite culture and religion, Assamese literature also bloomed during the period with the famous holy books of Kirtanghosa and Namgosa were composed by Mahapurush Srimanta Sankardev and Mahapurush Madhabdev respectively during the period of their stay at Barpeta. The pioneer of Assamese prose Sri Sri Bhattadev composed Katha Bhagawat and Katha Gita at Patbausi Satra. Mahapurush Srimanta Sankardev was the pioneer of open drama called Ankia Nat. Some of the important places of pilgrimage importance in Barpeta District besides the Satras mentioned above are the Dubi Devalay of Bajali, the Garakhia Gosai Than of Sorbhog, The Pokhola Gosai than of Nagaon . Lehi Dangra is traditionally known as the birth place of famous Dak purusha. Barpeta town is also known for craftwork based on elephant tusk. Sarthebari is famous for Bellmetal Industry. RELIGIONS AND LANGUAGES: The main religions practiced by the people of Barpeta district are Hinduism and Islam. Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Hindi, and other dialects are the languages spoken by the people of Barpeta . Assamese is mainly used as the medium of instruction and link language. However English, Bengali, Hindi and Bodo are also used as media of instruction in a few schools. EDUCATIONAL ADMINISTRATIVE STRUCTURE: There are as many as seven Educational Blocks in Barpeta district namely Barpeta, Bhawanipur, Chenga, Gobardhana, Bajali, Mandia and Rupshi set up for the purpose of smooth running of educational administration. There are one Inspector of schools to look after Secondary and Higher Secondary schools, one district Elementary Education officer, two Deputy Inspector of Schools, seven blocks Elementary Education Officers and a number of sub-inspectors of schools placed in each block. TEACHER EDUCATION : The District Institute of Education and Training (DIET) is situated at Howly town at a distance of 12 Kms from the District Head Quarter. There are as many as 3 colleges of teacher Education (Non Govt) in the district located at Barpeta, Sorbhog and Patacharkuchi. The only Govt. Normal School (GNS) of the District is situated at Howly, whereas there are two Basic Training Centers (BTC) in the district, one at Howly and the other one at Chenga. GOALS AHEAD: District Institute of Education and Training (DIET), Barpeta, Howly, underlined few specific goals for the years ahead. Keeping in view its mission, as envisaged in the policy document of setting up of DIETs in the country as per National Policy of Education, 1986, to act in the district as the key Academic and Resource Support agency aiming at Universalization of Elementary/Primary Education with the objective of providing quality education ensuring full achievement of all the children in the district, this Institute has set to focus primarily on its objectives cantered around the following goals: 1. CHILDREN: In Barpeta district about 15% of the total population belongs to the children of 0-6 years age group. While the literacy rate of the district reveals that 35% people are yet to be literate out of which 38% is rural and 13% urban people. Majority of child population belongs to the river-rine/Char areas who are yet to be given scope to exercise their right to education. So, DIET, Barpeta, Howly has to play a major role in materializing the goal of UEE to children of 0-14 years age in the light of RTE Act, 2009. 2. TEACHER TRAINEES (PSTE): As the follow up action of the state government to reintroduce 2-year PSTE course leading to the award of Diploma in Elementary Education (D.El.Ed) to the prospective teachers after a gap of the last one decade, the DIET, Barpeta, Howly has fully geared up for running the said course in the institute. As per directives of the SCERT, Assam, as many as 100 seats (50 for UP and 50 for LP) have been allotted for admission of PSTE trainees into the course. The curriculum for the D.El.Ed course has already been developed as per NCTE guideline by the SCERT, Assam in association with the DIETs through workshop mode wherein two faculty members also took part. It is hoped that this institute will be able to build up a pool of quality prospective teachers batch by batch who will be engaged in the schools of the district in the future. Apart from this, the newly appointed TET passed teachers without having any degree or Diploma in Teacher Education will also be imparted training in this institute for the D.El.Ed course through KKHOU developed 2-year D.El.Ed curriculum. 3. IN-SERVICE TEACHERS:As the limitation of the DIETs has been extended from elementary education to the Higher secondary stage of education in the context of NCF, 2005 and RTE Act, 2009, DIET, Barpeta, Howly has a challenge ahead to train up adequately a large number of untrained In-service teachers in both the stage of education in the district of Barpeta. So, DIET, Barpeta, Howly has set a goal to cover these untrained teachers by organizing a number of orientation and training programmes. 4. TEACHER EDUCATORS: While talking about providing quality education to children it needs to have quality teachers and to develop quality teachers it is important that teacher educators themselves need to be empowered enough to impart quality training to both the trainees of PSTE and ISTE programmes organized in the institute and elsewhere. So keeping the goal of capacity building of the teacher educators of the Institute itself as well as teacher educators from other TEIs and CTEs in the district, the DIET, Barpeta, Howly has given emphasis on this area by formulating some programmes especially for teacher educators of the district. 5. MATERIAL DEVELOPMENT: There is a great dearth of different types of materials to support the children and teachers in their learning and teaching respectively as well as to the teacher educators in their training programmes. As such, DIET, Barpta, Howly has set a goal in the coming years to develop different need based materials (Print, Audio, Video, forms) like TLMs/TLEs, training modules, etc.